By the s, the F. The political wizardry of Lyndon Johnson finally persuaded Hoover, an inveterate racist, to run a counterintelligence program that largely destroyed the Ku Klux Klan of the civil rights era. View all New York Times newsletters. Yet by the s, the F. The bureau failed utterly to stop the lunatic amateurs of the Weather Underground, even as they planted a bomb in the Capitol. Untold resources were wasted over decades surveilling the tiny Trotskyist Socialist Workers Party, without turning up a trace of sedition. By , 53 F. Yet the F.
An Iraqi plot to kill Golda Meir on a trip to New York was thwarted only when two cars with bombs in them were towed away for occupying no-standing zones. Botched confrontations with cults and right-wing radicals left a trail of blood from Whidbey Island to Ruby Ridge to the Branch Davidian compound in Waco. The best terror informant the bureau actually had was dropped for fear that he might be a double agent, while as late as , only eight agents could speak Arabic. Mueller III, none completed their terms of office.
One agent, trying desperately to get a search warrant for the apartment of the captured terrorist Zacarias Moussaoui through the afternoon of Sept. Tell us what you think. Please upgrade your browser. See next articles.
Newsletter Sign Up Continue reading the main story Please verify you're not a robot by clicking the box. He stayed put as new agents in charge came and went. And he could take care of other agents. He became the guy who could get you sports tickets. He could help you get a day off through the secretaries.
The islands sit next to each other off the coast of St. Thomas.
He made no secret that he could help you get a job after retirement through Billy Bulger. But he wasn't that much of an agent. He couldn't write a report. He was no administrator. He was just this brassy bullshit artist. We enabled him to some extent. No one had the stomach for examining what he was up to. We just never came to grips with that guy.
Connolly's first wife, Marianne Lockary, was his childhood sweetheart whom he married as he neared graduation from Suffolk University Law School. In January , he and Lockary, who cited an "irretrievable breakdown" of their marriage after a four-year separation, divorced. In , Connolly married Elizabeth L. Connolly had no children with his first wife but fathered three sons with his second wife, Elizabeth. Gianelli and Connolly purchased adjoining properties in Lynnfield, Massachusetts from Rocco Botta, a reputed Mafia extortionist.
Pistone wrote in his book, The Ceremony , "The reign of the Patriarca crime family is ended. A substantial amount of the credit for the demise of that mob family must be given to one man, Special Agent John Connolly.
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In , Connolly was indicted on murder and conspiracy to commit murder charges in the slaying of John B. Connolly stood trial in in Miami, Florida. Martorano had killed by Wheeler in Tulsa, Oklahoma , in May Bulger's former girlfriend, Theresa Stanley, testified for the defense about her travels with Bulger. Flemmi testified that Connolly warned them that the FBI wanted to question Callahan in the death of Wheeler, and that Callahan "wouldn't hold up" and would probably implicate them. Former U.
Attorney and current U.
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District Senior Judge Edward F. Harrington testified for the defense, stating that Connolly was a star agent who was credited with using informants to help weaken the New England Mafia. On November 6, , a jury convicted Connolly of second-degree murder. According to the prosecutors, Connolly faced a possible sentence of 30 years to life in prison. The defense argued that in Florida, when Connolly was convicted, the statute of limitations had expired for second-degree murder. On January 15, , Judge Blake sentenced Connolly to 40 years in prison, saying that Connolly "crossed over to the dark side.
The year state sentence runs consecutively to the year federal sentence. He was released from federal custody on June 28,  and was transferred to a Florida state prison to serve his year state sentence. Connolly has stated that he had nothing to do with the Callahan murder.
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With Bulger's capture on June 24, , Connolly's attorney said his client would appeal if Bulger corroborates Connolly's claim of innocence. The panel held that since Connolly did not "carry or discharge the gun that was used to kill John Callahan in South Florida", it was not appropriate to convict him of murder. Judge Leslie B. Rothenberg, who had been the lone vote for conviction in the earlier hearing, wrote, "It now no longer matters whether the defendant hired procured a hit man, turned to his mob friends to murder Callahan, served as a lookout, provided the gun, or pulled the trigger himself, he is a principal in the first degree.
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Unless his sentence is reversed, he will not be eligible for parole until Kulak drank heavily, and apparently the bottle was considered a necessary lubricant for the debriefings. My belief is he was probably genuine. That does not mean he was always truthful. What happens if he really defects? He gave up way too much information.
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Against the information Kulak provided, however, the mole hunters had to consider the possibility that he was really acting for the KGB. Moore, a retired longtime analyst for the bureau.
James Angleton, the counterintelligence chief, never believed he was genuine, but then Angleton placed his faith in only one Russian defector, who persuaded him that the Sino-Soviet split that emerged in the s was all a plot to deceive the West. That idea was widely regarded as nutty then and has been soundly discredited since.
John Connolly (FBI) - Wikipedia
After Angleton was fired, his successors concluded that Kulak was a legitimate source, and two CIA counterintelligence specialists assigned to review his FBI files agreed. But with his cover all but blown by the book, the agency, fearing for his safety, offered to exfiltrate him—to spirit him out of Moscow.
He declined and said he would be fine. He was never arrested, and the agency eventually received word that he died of natural causes in the early s. The medal, Kalugin and others said, gave Kulak a kind of cloak of immunity. I did not have access to that case. I simply knew of the existence of a guy in the bureau.
But he did provide genuine information. There was such a person as Dick. He did not say how much he paid. But over time, the mole hunt faded. By the time Hengemuhle retired, in , other priorities took precedence. Walker, the head of a Navy spy ring, Jonathan J. Pollard, the Navy analyst who spied for Israel, and Ronald W. Pelton, a former employee of the National Security Agency who passed secret information to the Soviets. By then the first FBI mole had been discovered—Richard Miller of the Los Angeles office had been arrested in , convicted of spying for the Soviets and sentenced to life in prison.
In , Earl Edwin Pitts became the second; he was sent away for 27 years. Hanssen, the most notorious Soviet mole in the FBI, was not caught until ; he was sentenced to life. In the mids, an analyst named Robert H. Milburn specialized in detecting penetrations of the bureau. King had the benefit of two pieces of information learned through Kulak on his second tour. Painstakingly, he checked the name of every FBI agent who lived in Queens in the s—and found that one of them had been flagged in a routine inspection of the New York office.
The agent worked not in counterintelligence, but on internal security and investigations of the Communist Party. He was a poor performer, and he had a host of other problems, including alcohol abuse, which could have made him a target for recruitment by the KGB. He had retired on a medical disability around , when he was in his mids. Then he realized that a Roman letter transliterated into Cyrillic may re-transliterate into a different Roman letter.
King tried it, and he got a match. After almost a quarter of a century, the FBI had its first viable suspect.
An FBI agent was sent to Queens to interview the suspect.